Problematika Penerimaan Komuni bagi Orang Berkebutuhan Khusus (OBK) dan Pemahaman dari Para Prodiakon
People with Special Needs (OBK) are individuals who have limitations or extraordinary abilities, both physically, mentally-intellectually, socially, or emotionally, which have a significant influence on their growth or development process compared to people in general. OBK is also often referred to as persons with disabilities. Even so, OBK are God's good creatures. With this awareness, OBK should have rights and obligations in their lives, especially in church life. With the limitations and specialties they have, OBK can take part in Church tasks thanks to the Sacrament of Baptism which is obtained according to their abilities. In addition, the rights as citizens of the Church also need to be considered. However, the people's perception of OBK is that there is still a tension of understanding. Pros and cons occur because of the assumption that OBK are still worthy of receiving Communion but there is also an assumption that OBK are unfit to receive sacramental services in and by the Church. This article is a research on the perceptions of the parishioners in several parishes in the Vicarage of the Special Region of Yogyakarta as a part of Archdiocese of Semarang for receiving Communion to parishioners who experience mental limitations. The research method used is quantitative methods. The purpose of this research is to make Catholics aware that OBK are God's good creations and they also have rights and obligations in the Church according to their abilities thanks to the Sacrament of Baptism they receive. The mission of OBK as Christian faithful is written in LG 10, book of canon law Canon 204, book of canon law Canon 208. Even so, there needs to be further assessment from psychologists, counselors, priests, and catechists to measure the extent to which CBOs are able to differentiate with their minds between the host or the Body of Christ as the main requirement for receiving Communion during the Eucharistic Celebration.
Cowans, Gordon “Towards A Liberatory Theology Of Disability: Humanity In Creation, Disability And The Image Of God,” dalam Doing Theology From Disability Perspective, ed. Wati Longchar dan Gordon Cowans. Manila: Atesea, 2011, 179-187.
Creamer, Deborah Beth. Disability and Christian Theology: Embodied Limits and Constructive Possilitties. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Eiesland, Nancy L. The Disabled God: Toward a Liberatory Theology of Disability. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1994.
Fritzson, Arne dan Samuel Kobe. Interpreting Disability: A church of All and For All. Geneva: WCC Publication, 2004.
Hayon, Yohanes Wele. “Disabilitas dalam Teologi Katolik: Dari Liberalisme ke Politik Kasih.” Inklusi 6. 2 (2019): 235-258.
Hendriks, Margaretha M “Reconstructing Disabled Loving Theological Communities: An Urgent Call To Theological Institutions Today,” dalam Doing Theology From Disability Perspective, ed. Wati Longchar dan Gordon Cowans. Manila: Atesea, 2011, 158-167.
Hogan, Andrew. “Moving Away From The Medical Model The Development And Revision of The World Health Organization's Classification of Disability.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 93.2 (2019): 241-269.
Hutagalung, Novriana Gloria. “The Important Place of People With Disabilities in Society.” Jurnal Ledalero 17.2 (2018)
Iskandar, Lily. Ziarah Iman Bersama Disabilitas: Pelayanan Sakramental bagi Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2020.
Konferensi Waligereja Indonesia. Dokumen Konsili Vatikan II, terj. R. Hardawiryana. Dokumentasi dan Penerangan KWI. Jakarta: Obor, 1993.
Konferensi Waligereja Indonesia. Kitab Hukum Kanonik. Bogor: Grafika Mardi Yuana, 2012.
Luthfia, Agusniar Rizka. “Urgensi Pemberdayaan Penyandang Disabilitas di Masa Pandemi.” Kebijakan: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi 11.2 (2020): 38-44.
Miraji, Theodorus. “Pandangan Teologis Terhadap Kaum Disabilitas dan Implementasinya Bagi Gereja Masa Kini.” Sagacity: Journal of Theology and Christian Education 1.2 (2021): 65-86.
Mongi, Kezia Luciana. “Pandangan Terhadap Disabilitas: Upaya Menjadikan Gereja Inklusi.” Jurnal Teologi Cultivation 6.2 (2022): 78-89.
Retief, Marno Rantoa Letšosa. “Models of Disability: A Brief Overview.” HTS Teologiese Studies/
Theological Studies 74, 1 (2018): 1-8.
Ruddy, C. “In My End is My Beginning”: Lumen Gentium and The Priority of Doxology. Irish Theological Quarterly 79.2 (2014): 144–164. doi:10.1177/0021140013517528
Santoso, Meilanny Budiarti, and Nurliana Cipta Apsari. “Pergeseran paradigma dalam disabilitas.” Intermestic: Journal of International Studies 1.2 (2017): 166-176.
Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2015.
Susanto, Hery. “Disability Ministry Sebagai Sebuah Jendela Pelayanan yang Termarginalisasi Dalam Pelayanan Gereja.” Suci Iman Akademis Dan Praktis: Jurnal Teologi 2.2 (2013): 124–136.
Thohari, Slamet. “Pandangan Disabilitas dan Aksesibilitas Fasilitas Publik bagi Penyandang Disabilitas di Kota Malang.” Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies 1.1 (2014).
Timur, Chosmas Christian. “Belas Kasih Allah dalam Penerimaan Komuni Suci Bagi Orang dengan Retardasi Mental.” Media: Jurnal Filsafat dan Teologi 1.1 (2020): 109-134.
Widinarsih, Dini. “Penyandang Disabilitas di Indonesia: Perkembangan Istilah dan Definisi.” Jurnal Ilmu Kesejahteraan Sosial 20.2 (2019): 127-142.