The Future of Subject in Post-Coronavirus World in the Light of Foucault’s Technology of the Self
This paper aims to present the relevance of Foucault’s technology of the self to face the future of the post-coronavirus world. The significance of Foucault technology of the self lies in the practice of self-forming where the pandemic era has urged humans to evaluate their subjectivity. It is because the subject is faced with the external challenge of the biopolitics of the state as well as internal challenge of the Subject’s future anxiety. Hence, this study tries to respond to these problems by analyzing Foucault's technology of the self which was inspired by the ancient practice of the care of the self to practice self-examination in order to achieve self-mastery. In compiling this paper, the author applied a qualitative methodology through which descriptive, textual, and contextual analyses are applied to written materials related to the subject matter. By developing self-mastery techniques, Foucault presupposes the individual to be a critical and reflective subject who will actively respond to biopolitics as well as his own subjectivity.
Castrillón, Fernando, and Thomas Marchevsky. “Of Pestilence, Chaos, and Time.” In Coronavirus, Psychoanalysis, and Philosophy: Conversations on Pandemics, Politics, and Society, edited by Fernando Castrillón and Thomas Marchevsky, 1st ed. Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2021.: Routledge, 2021. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003150497.
Davidson, Arnold I. “Archeology, Genealogy, Ethics.” In Foucault: A Critical Reader, edited by David Couzens Hoy. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1986.
Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.
———. Ethics: Subjectivity and Truth. Edited by Paul Rabinow. New York: New Press, 1997.
———. History of Sexuality: The Care of the Self. Translated by Robert Hurley. Vol. 3. New York: Random House, 1986.
———. Security, Territory, Population. Translated by Graham Burchell. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
———. Society Must Be Defended. Translated by David Macey. New York: Picador, 2003.
———. Technologies of the Self: A Seminar with Michel Foucault. Edited by Luther H Martin, Huck Gutman, and Patrick H Hutton. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988.
———. The Birth of Biopolitics. Lectures at the Collège de France, 1978-1979. Translated by Graham Burchell. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
———. The Hermeneutics of the Subject: Lectures at the Collège de France 1981–82. Edited by Frédéric Gros, François Ewald, and Alessandro Fontana. New York: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-09483-4.
———. “The Subject and Power.” Critical Inquiry 8, no. 4 (July 1982): 777–95. https://doi.org/10.1086/448181.
Foucault, Michel, and Mark Blasius. “About the Beginning of the Hermeneutics of the Self: Two Lectures at Dartmouth.” Political Theory 21, no. 2 (May 1993): 198–227. https://doi.org/10.1177/0090591793021002004.
Højme, Philip. “Biopolitics and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Foucauldian Interpretation of the Danish Government’s Response to the Pandemic.” Philosophies 7, no. 2 (March 19, 2022): 34. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies7020034.
Horvath, Mark, and Adam Lovasz. “Foucault in the Age of COVID-19: Permitting Contingency in Biopolitics.” Identities 17, no. 1 (2020): 144–53.
McGushin, Edward F. Foucault’s Askesis: An Introduction to the Philosophical Life. Northwestern University Press, 2007. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv43vtxw.
Mitcheson, Katrina. “Foucault, Stoicism and Self-Mastery.” In Ethics and Self-Cultivation: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, edited by Matthew Dennis and Sander Werkhoven, 1st ed. 1 [edition]. | New York : Routledge, 2018. | Series: Routledge studies in ethics and moral theory ; 45: Routledge, 2018. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315102269.
———. “Foucault’s Technologies of the Self: Between Control and Creativity.” Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 43, no. 1 (January 2012): 59–75. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071773.2012.11006757.
O’Leary, Timothy. Foucault and the Art of Ethics. Continuum, 2002.
Seitz, Brian. “Foucault and the Subject of Stoic Existence.” Human Studies 35, no. 4 (November 2012): 539–54. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10746-012-9223-3.
Smart, Barry. “Foucault, Levinas and the Subject of Responsibility.” In The Later Foucault: Politics and Philosophy, edited by Jeremy Moss. London: Sage Publication, 1998.
Thompson, Kevin. “Forms of Resistance: Foucault on Tactical Reversal and Self-Formation.” Continental Philosophy Review 36, no. 2 (2003): 113–38. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1026072000125.