Menelisik Pola Berpikir Koruptif Para Pedagang Licik: Sebuah Tinjauan Teologis atas Teks Amos 8:4-8
This article aims at investigating the craftiness of wicked merchants as illustrated in the Book of Amos chapter 8:4-8. By employing a close reading as a chosen approach to that particular text, it will be discussed how corruptive minds of those merchants preceed their unjust acts. A close reading is a synchronic approach that Mfocuses on every detail of the story, in particular on the plot and the characterization. Every word coming from the mouth of a character, enhanced with his action, carries significant weight and thus contributes to the fuller description of his personality. This article, therefore, is interested in examining the inner thought of these cunning merchants. In chapter 8:4-8, they deliberately set the poor in a trap, even when these miserable people cannot afford to buy the refuse of the wheat. Then, as calculated by these evil merchants, the poor have to sell themselves in order to have something to eat. This article also aims at showing the reader that for the author of the Book of Amos, corruptive minds of those merchants degrade human dignity. Such a corruptive mentality leads to a larger social injustice. It seems that this author wants remind the reader to be cautious whenever a corruptive mind begins to occupy one’s thought.
(Amos 8:1-7).” Latin American Theology 12, no. 2 (2017): 29–34.
Boaheng, Isaac. “A Study of the Background to the Book of Amos.” E-Journal
of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences 3, no. 9 (2022): 372–81.
Byargeon, Rick W. “Amos: The Man and HisTìmes.” Southwestern Journal of
Theology 38, no. 1 (1995): 4–10.
Carroll R., M. Daniel. “Fortress Commentary on the Bible.” In The Old
Testament and Apocrypha. Fortress Commentary on The Bible, edited by
Matthew J.R. Yee, Gale A., Page Jr., Hugh R., Coomber, 845–56.
Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2014. https://doi.org/10.31046/tl.v8i2.400.
———. “Twenty Years of Amos Research.” Currents in Biblical Research 18,
no. 1 (2019): 32–58. https://doi.org/10.1177/1476993x19833221.
———. “VISIONS OF HORROR , VISIONS OF HOPE : ORIENTATION
FOR URBAN MINISTRY FROM THE BOOR OF AMOS.” Ex Auditu 29
Coetzee, J H. “Close Reading of the Bible.” Old Testament Essays 7, no. 4
Dekker, J. “Characterization in the Hebrew Bible: Nabal as a Test Case.”
Bulletin for Biblical Research 26, no. 3 (2016): 311–24.
Eidevall, G. The Anchor Yale Bible. Amos. A New Translation with Introduction
and Commentary: Vol. 24 G. New Haven: Yale University Press, n.d.
Escobar, Donoso S. “Social Justice in the Book of Amos.” Review & Expositor
92, no. 2 (1995): 169–74. https://doi.org/10.1177/003463739509200204.
Exell, J. Biblical Illustrator. Pastoral Commentary on Amos (Vol. 30), 2013.
Gorman, Michael J. Elements of Biblical Exegesis: A Basic Guide for Students and Ministers. Third Edit. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic, 2020.
Hardiman, F. Budi. Seni Memahami. Hermeneutik Dari Schleiermacher Sampai Derrida. Yogyakarta: PT Kanisius, 2015.
Horne, T.H. et al. “An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the
Holy Scriptures: Vol. 10.1017/CB,” 950–53, 2019.
Mandagi, Lamberty. “Tugas Kenabian Nabi Amos Dari Tekoa.” Educatio
Christi 1, no. 1 (2020): 1–8.
Marguerat, D. How to Read Bible Stories. London: SCM Press, 1998.
Markl SJ, D. “Social Justice in the Bible.” Thinking Faith: The Online Journal
of the Jesuits in Britain, 2011, 1–3.
McLaughlin, John L. “Is Amos (Still) among the Wise?” Journal of Biblical
Literature 133, no. 2 (2014): 281–303.
Melles, Berhane K, and Bill Domeris. “Irony as a Literary Stylistic Device in
Amos’s Choice of Metaphors: Reading from the Perspective of the
Tigrigna Proto-Semitic Language.” Conspectus (South African Theological
Seminary) 28, no. September (2019): 5–17.
Neusner, Jacob. “The Rabbis and the Prophets: The Case of Amos.” Review of
Rabbinic Judaism 18, no. 1 (2015): 37–62.
Pakpahan, G.K.R. “Integritas Dan Moralitas Sebagai Pesan Dari Teguran Nabi
Amos Untuk Melestarikan Keadilan.” Jurnal Teologi Berita Hidup 5, no. 1
———. “Membangun Solidaritas Kemanusiaan: Kritik Nabi Amos Terhadap
Praktik Pelanggaran Hak Asasi Manusia.” Manna Rafflesia 7, no. 2 (2021):
Porton, G.G. “Society, Culture, And Demography Of The Jews And Judaism In
Late Antiquity.” In The Routledge Companion to Jewish History and
Historiography, 49–62. New York: Routledge, 2018.
Samuel, Donald, Slamet Santosa, Gernaida Krisna R Pakpahan, and Jony
Oktavian Haryanto. “Evaluasi Kebijakan Fiskal Sebagai Regulator
Kesenjangan Ekonomi Berbasis Perspektif Kitab Amos.” In 5th NCBMA
(Universitas Pelita Harapan, Indonesia). “The Opportunity of Digital and
Technology Disruption.,” 797–804. Tangerang, 2022.
Shveka, Avi. “‘For a Pair of Shoes’: A New Light on an Obscure Verse in
Amos’ Prophecy.” Vetus Testamentum 62, no. 1 (2012): 95–114.
Singgih, Emanuel Gerrit, and Yushak Soesilo. “Siapa Yang Bertanggung Jawab
Atas Tulah Kesepuluh? Sebuah Pertimbangan Etis-Teologis Terhadap Teks
Keluaran 11-12.” DUNAMIS: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Kristiani 7,
no. 1 (2022): 154–70. https://doi.org/10.30648/dun.v7i1.823.
Sipahutar, Roy Charly H. P. “Ibadah Dan Keadilan Sosial: Interpretasi SosioHistoris Amos 8:4-8 Bagi Hidup Bergereja.” Kurios 7, no. 1 (2021): 13–28.
Timmer, Daniel. “The Use and Abuse of Power in Amos: Identity and
Ideology.” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 39, no. 1 (2014):